Farid Shakar Ganj
Baba Farid was born around 1170 in Ghazni Afghanistan. He was the
descended of Farrukh Shah, King of Ghazni
Farid 's great grandfather was the son of Farrukh Shah. He was
killed along with most of his family members when the Mongol
hordes invaded Kabul. Baba Farid's grandfather Shaykh Shoaib left
Afghanistan and settled in Punjab in 1125.
Shaykh Shoaib then went to Multan where he established in Kothiwal
a private college for religious instruction and attracted much
attention. His eldest son Jamaluddin married Bibi Mariam, daughter
of Syed Muhammad Abdula Shah - a descendant of Imam Ali. Bibi
Mariam had three sons, Khwaja Azizuddin, Fariduddin Masaud (Baba
Farid) and Khwaja Najibuddin, and one daughter Khatun Jamila.
When Baba Farid was a few years old his mother taught him his
prayers. The boy asked her what was gained by prayer. His mother
replied sugar. Accordingly, she used to hide some sugar under his
prayer rug and when he would finished his prayers he would find
the sugar-candy hidden inside the rug. One day his mother forgot
to put the sugar-candy but she was surprised to see that there was
sugar-candy under the rug. From that day on, Bibi Miriam started
calling her son Shakar Ganj, or the treasury of sugar in Farsi.
went to Delhi and was initiated into the Sufi order by Shaykh
Bakhtiar Kaki. When Khwaja Qutub-ul- Bakhtiar Kaki died at Delhi
Baba Farid assumed the mantle of his late spiritual guide. He
ultimately left it in the keeping of Jamaluddin of Hansi and
thence proceeded to Ajodhan, the present day Pak Pattan.
Shaykh Farid made Pak Pattan a great center of Sufi thoughts.
People from all over India and Middle East would come to see him
He generally rejected offerings of money, but would accept gifts
of food, etc for public kitchen. Baba Farid went to Delhi again
and was received with a most hospitable reception. Emperor
Nasiruddin Balban introduced him to his family. Baba Farid looked
to Emperor's daughter Hazabara and asked Emperor to marry her to
him. Thus Hazabra was married to Baba Sheikh Farid, but only after
Emperor Balban promised not to give any costly gifts, Baba Farid
distributed all her dowry to the needy.
Baba Farid ji died of Pneumonia on the fifth day of the month of
Muharram in 1266. He was buried outside the town of Pak Pattan at
a place called martyrs grave. Baba Farid was also a poet and a
large part of his poetry is included in the Holy book of Sikhism,
Guru Garanth Sahib