- The Qur'an tells the story of Adam and Eve mainly in
2:30-39, 7:11-25, 15:26-44, 17:61-65, 20:115-124, 38:71-85.
Eve is not mentioned by name in the Qur'an, but referred to
as Adam's spouse; however, her name is given in Islamic
tradition as Hawa, as in Hebrew.
While Adam is regarded as the first human in Islam, he is
also seen as a prophet, in the sense that he was one of the
people to whom God spoke. In the Qur'an, Allah (God) creates
Adam of clay, and then told him "Be!" and he was. When God
had announced his intention of creating Adam, the angels
expressed dismay, asking why he would create a being that
would do evil. But when He "taught Adam the names," they saw
that he knew more than they, and learned from Adam.
When God orders the angels to bow to Adam, the jinn Iblis
(approximately equivalent to Satan) refuses due to his pride
and is summarily banished from the heavens. However, he
promises God that he will lead as many humans astray as he
can, to which God replies that those who will it will follow
Satan, while those who will it will follow God.
Adam and Eve were sent to live in the Garden of Eden. They
were allowed to live as they pleased there, but not to taste
the fruit from a certain tree. However, they both eventually
succumbed to the temptation of Satan, who promised them
immortality if they ate from it, and ate; they then saw
their nakedness and covered themselves with leaves. God
punished them by sending them out into the earth amid mutual
enmity, but then took mercy upon them; warning them not to
follow Satan, he promised them that all would be well for
those who followed God's guidance, while those who rejected
it would suffer hellfire.
The Qur'an also describes the two sons of Adam (named Qabil
and Habil in Islamic tradition, but not mentioned by name in
the Qur'an) that correspond to Cain and Abel.
Adam's Peak (Al-Rohun) is a 2,243 metre (7,360 feet) tall
conical mountain in modern-day Sri Lanka, revered as a holy
site by Hindus, Buddhists, Muslims and Christians.
Pilgrims walk up the mountain, following a variety of routes
up thousands of steps. The journey takes several hours at
least. The peak pilgrimage season is in April, and the goal
is to be on top of the mountain at sunrise, when the
distinctive shape of the mountain casts a triangular shadow
on the surrounding plain and can be seen to move quickly
downward as the sun rises.
On top of the mountain is a rough impression in the rock
like that of an enormous -- nearly two metre(two 1/2 yard)
-- footprint. Muslim legend states that it is the footprint
of Adam, who was placed in Sri Lanka as the next best thing
to the Garden of Eden; from this comes the name Adam's Peak.